The ultimate aim of criminal law is protection of right to personal liberty against invasion by others that is protection of the weak against the strong law abiding against lawless, peaceful against the violent. To protect the rights of the citizens, the state prescribes the rules of conduct, sanctions for their violation, machinery to enforce sanctions and procedure to protect that machinery. The state has to give protection to persons against lawlessness, disorderly behavior, violent acts and fraudulent deeds of others; liberty cannot exist without protection of the basic rights of the citizens by the Government. The entire existence of the orderly society depends upon sound and efficient functioning of the criminal justice system. Our criminal justice system is expected to provide the maximum sense of security to the people at large by dealing with crimes and criminals effectively, quickly and legally.
This project was undertaken by IOS, with aim to examine the classical principles of criminal law; to secure a fair and sympathetic understanding of the classical principals of the criminal justice system and their contributions; to undertake revaluation of the modern criminal statutes in the light of the fundamental significance of classicism; to examine various reforms in the criminal jurisprudence in the recent past and to evaluate whether these reforms are in the violation of the past and to evaluate whether these reforms are in the violation of the fundamental tenets of the criminal law etc.
Hope this study will benefit the law fraternity and students, think tank, policy makers, activists and libraries etc.
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